Karate Terminology

Stances
Zenkutsu Dachi ( pronounced zen - coot - sue - dat - chee )   Front stance: back leg straight, feet shoulder width apart. 70% of your weight on back leg, 30% on front one.
Kokutsu Dachi ( pronounced ko - coot - sue - dat - chee )   Back stance: weight on back leg, hip above ankle, feet in line. 90% of your weight on the back leg, 10% on the front.
Kiba dachi ( pronounced key - baa - dat - chee )   Horse riding stance. Weight 50% on each leg.
Fudo dachi ( pronounced food - o - dat - chee )   Immovable stance, back leg as in kiba dachi, front leg as in zenkutsu dachi
 
Areas of the Body
Gedan ( pronounced gay - dan )   Lower torso, stomach. From your belt to the floor.
Chudan ( pronounced chew - dan)   Middle torso, chest. From your belt to your shoulders.
Jodan ( pronounced joe - dan )   Throat and head. From your shoulders to the top of your head.
 
Blocks
Gedan Barai ( pronounced gay - dan - bar - I )   Low level block. Sweeps down from your shoulder down and out to your side.
Age Uke ( pronounced ah - gee - you - key )   Upper level block for throat and head..
Ude Uke ( pronounced ooo - dee - you - key )   Fist shoulder height, elbow at 90 degrees, inside to outside.
Uchi Komi ( pronounced you - chee - ko - me )   Fist shoulder height, elbow at 90 degrees, outside to inside.
Teisho ( pronounced tay - show )   Heel of the hand, inside to outside across stomach.
Shuto ( pronounced shoe - toe )   Edge of the hand. This is the so called "Karate Chop".
 
Strikes with hand or elbow
Oi Tzuki ( pronounced hoi - zoo - key )   Stepping punch. Strike with same foot and hand forward.
Gyaku Tzuki ( pronounced ya - ka - zoo- key )   Reverse punch. Opposite hand used to punch, no step.
Empi ( pronounced M - pee)   Strike with the elbow. This can be in any direction.
 
Kicks
Mae Geri ( pronounced my - ger - eh)   Front snapping kick.
Keagi ( pronounced key - a - gee)   Side snapping kick.
Kekomi ( pronounced key - comb - eh)   Side thrust kick.
FumaKomi ( pronounced fu - ma - comb - eh)   Downward stamping kick to the shin or knee.
Mawashi ( pronounced ma - wa - she )   Roundhouse kick.